Learn about the workers who serve our communities and the services they provide—police officers, fire fighters, sanitation workers, grocery clerks, and others. Discover that providing a service means doing something to help someone else. Terms like goods and services, consumers, and income come alive in this visually rich presentation .
People do many kinds of work to earn money. Find out what goods and services are and how people spend their money on them.
- Students will realize that most people work at a job to earn money; they are paid for the work they do. However, some people volunteer their services without an expectation to receive monetary compensation.
- Students will understand that people need to buy goods and services, like food, housing, and utilities. Since each good or service has a value, people need to work to earn an income that can match the value of the good or service.
- Students will know that many people make a budget to help them decide how much of their income is available to spend on needs and wants and how much to save.
- Students will understand that people choose the kind of work they do because they want to feel like a useful member of society. In addition, people will choose a job that they enjoy performing.
- Students will realize that people who help other people in the community are called service workers.
- Some services are provided by the government and are funded by taxes; these services are called community services. Firefighters, teachers, paramedics, postal employees, and police officers are all examples of workers who provide community services.
- Many services exist that are paid for directly by the people who use them. Grocery store clerks, barbers, and maids are examples of people who provide these private services.
- Students will know that service workers are extremely important to our society.
- Before viewing the video
- Have students volunteer to tell what kind of work their parents do. Write the jobs on the board under "Parents Who Sell Things" or "Parents Who Do Things."
- After viewing the video
- Parents' Jobs: Discuss what service and production workers do. The students are to write a brief paragraph about each of their parents' jobs. The students are to illustrate and label each worker with a basic job title, such as firefighter, car salesman, and homemaker. At school, each student reports on his/her parents' jobs. Divide a bulletin board into Production Workers and Service Workers and place the students' papers under the appropriate heading.
- Vocabulary Quiz Game: Put the following words on cards: service worker, production worker, income, budget, goods, taxes, food, clothing, shelter, utilities, savings, volunteer, private service, producers, and consumers. Divide the class in half. Either the teacher or a student reads a card at random, and a student is chosen from one side to define the word. A point is given for each correct response. If a student is unable to come up with the definition, the word goes to the other side of the class until all of the cards have been defined correctly. Review the video if students seem uncertain of the meanings of the vocabulary words.
- Service Workers' Center: Find library books on service workers. Make a collage from old magazine pictures of service workers. Put the collage above the books for a Service Workers' Center for free-time browsing.
- What Service Worker is This? TV Quiz Show: Have each student select a service worker he would like to portray. Print cards of the occupations selected and attach, with the name hidden, to each student. Select a host and have four "service workers" seated on the "stage." The "contestant" tells two things he/she does and the audience tries to guess his/her occupation. See if anyone can add further tasks that this service worker does.
- Good and Services
- Why Do People Work
- Needs and Wants
- Public Service Workers
- Private Service Workers
- Review and Conclusion