What is a Neighbor?


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With the help of our local postperson, students learn that a neighborhood is a place where families live, play, and work and that schools, police and fire stations, shopping areas, parks, and homes are all located there. He helps us recognize that families live in many kinds of homes and that they all have addresses that have two main parts: a street name and building number.

A neighborhood is a part of a community where people live. Your neighborhood is the people and places that are very near where you live.

  1. Students will realize that a neighborhood consists of the people, businesses, and homes that exist within a certain area. Often, neighborhoods have characteristics that distinguish them from each other.
  2. Students will know that neighborhoods exist within communities, communities are usually a part of cities, states are a combination of cities, communities, and neighborhoods, and the United States of America is a combination of 50 states.
  3. Students will understand that there are many kinds of neighborhoods. Some neighborhoods are full of people, homes, and businesses; while others are quiet, containing few homes and people. Some neighborhoods are found in cities, some are found in suburbs, and some are found in the country.
  4. Students will realize that all homes are alike in that they provide protection. Homes protect families and individuals from rain, snow, wind, and temperature extremes. A home also secures items that belong to its inhabitants including furniture, clothes, jewelry, and electronics. There are many different kinds of homes:
    1. Houses: Houses can be new or old, and they can be small or large.
    2. Apartments: An apartment combines individual homes into one building. Many families can live in one apartment building, but they each have their own home.
    3. Mobile Homes: These homes are built in a factory and then moved to a place where the family wants to live.
    4. Houseboats: A houseboat is a home that floats. These are usually used by people who are on vacation. Just like other homes, they have living rooms, kitchens, bedrooms, and bathrooms.
  5. Students will know what an address is and how it is used. An address identifies the location of a specific place. Usually, an address contains two parts: the street name and the house or building number. In the case of an apartment, the address may contain a building number and an apartment number. The street name identifies the street on which a home is located, and the house number identifies a specific home on that street. Addresses help people, including emergency workers and mail carriers, find specific locations.
  6. Students will understand that a neighborhood supports many types of jobs. Mail carriers, police officers, firefighters, grocery store workers, and restaurant workers all provide services that keep neighborhoods running.
  7. Students will realize that neighborhoods are made up of many types of people.

  1. Neighborhood Map: Provide each student with a piece of white paper and a set of crayons or markers. Have the students draw a map of their neighborhood. Ask the students to include their homes and any landmarks that are close to where they live. Is there a school nearby? What about a park? Do they shop at grocery store that is close to their home? Please note that the maps do not have to be anywhere near exact. The students should simply demonstrate that they know what a neighborhood is.
  2. Career Art: Provide each student with a piece of white paper and a set of markers. Ask them to think about the people who work in their neighborhood. Ask each student to chose a person and draw what that person does for the neighborhood. Have the students present their pictures to the class.

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