Food and Nutrition 1
Introduce students to the concepts of healthy eating and a balanced diet. This program, based on the classic food guide pyramid, encourages healthy eating habits in young children. Learn about the main nutrients in food, how to choose healthy snacks, how to tell if food is high in fat, and how to find 'hidden' sugars in food.
Discover how the Food Guide Pyramid and teach you how to eat nutritious food properly to help your body grow and stay healthy.
- Students will know what is meant by nutritious food and why it is important. Nutritious food is the food that helps the human body grow and stay healthy. Proper nutrition helps the body to build strong bones and teeth, build and repair muscle, and maintain good vision and healthy hair.
- Students will understand how to use the Food Guide Pyramid to make healthy food decisions.
- The foods at the bottom of the pyramid are made from grains: bread, rice, cereal, and pasta. These foods primarily provide carbohydrates and fiber. One should eat 6-11 servings from this group per day (1 serving = 1/2 cup of cooked rice or pasta).
- The next level consists of the vegetable and fruit groups. Vegetables provide the body with vitamins, minerals, and fiber. 3-5 servings of vegetables should be consumed each day (1 serving = 1 cup of raw leafy vegetables). Fruits provide the body with a healthy source of sugar, vitamins, minerals, fiber, and water. One should eat 2-4 servings of fruit a day (1 serving = 1 piece of fruit).
- The milk, yogurt, and cheese group supplies the body with protein and calcium. A healthy body requires 2-3 servings from this group each day (1 serving = 1 cup of milk or yogurt).
- The next group, which includes meats, fish, poultry, nuts, and beans, provides the body with protein and iron. One should eat 2-3 servings from this group per day (1 serving = 2-3 ounces of meat, fish, and poultry).
- The final group, which is located at the top of the pyramid, consists of fats and sweets. Food from this group should be consumed sparingly because it provides very few nutrients other than fat and sugar. Eating too many fatty foods is harmful to the heart and can make people fat. Too much sugar can cause tooth decay and often results in the lack of healthy nutrients.
- Students will realize that the nutrients in a food can be determined by reading the nutrition facts that are present on the label.
- Students will identify the important role of water in good nutrition. Water carries all the nutrients to every part of the body. It is important to drink water several times each day, especially when thirsty.
- Students will understand that different foods contain many of the same nutrients. If a person does not eat much food from a certain group, the nutrients commonly found in that group can be obtained by eating more of a food from a different group containing those same nutrients.
- Go shopping: Give each student a construction paper cutout of a grocery cart. Have students look through magazines to find healthy foods. Students glue appropriate cut outs into their "cart".
Build the Food Guide Pyramid: Have students draw an empty version of the U.S.D.A. Food Guide Pyramid on a large piece of paper. Using magazine clippings of food and student produced drawings, students should fill the pyramids with the appropriate foods and label each level.
Sing the Food Pyramid Song: Cut construction paper replicas of the foods and nutrients named in the Pyramid song and attach them to Popsicle stick handles. Have students learn the words to the song and hold up their Popsicle sign when their food or nutrient is named.
- Food Pyramid song:
Whole grains and rice, Fruit so sweet
Vegetables — Oh! So good to eat
Meat, nuts, and beans, and dairy too!
The Pyramid shows us what to do.
The nutrients to stay healthy.
The servings that are just right for me.
A lot of this and a little of that
Keeps me fit and not too fat.
Whole grains and rice, fruit so sweet.
Vegetables — oh! So good to eat.
Meat, nuts, and beans and dairy too.
The pyramid shows us what to do.
The serving sizes just right for you.
The pyramid shows us what to do!
- Food Pyramid song:
- Introduction to Healthy Food
- The Food Pyramid
- Bread, Rice, Pasta, and Cereal
- Vegetables and Fruits
- Milk, Cheese, and Yogurt
- Meat, Fish, Eggs, and Dried Beans
- Fats and Sweets
- Fat and Sugar
- Reading Labels