Everybody needs Food
Food is one of our four basic needs. Everybody needs food whether they live in an arid desert or a snow-covered forest, and what they eat is largely determined by where they live. Learn that food doesn't magically appear in a supermarket but comes from farms, ranches, the sea, etc. and that halfway around the world a 'supermarket' might be an open-air marketplace without refrigeration where people must buy food daily.
We all need food to live. Learn about the origins of the food we eat.
- Students will understand that everybody needs food for survival. Healthy food provides people with the nutrients they need to grow and perform activities.
- Students will know that food comes from plants and animals.
- Students will be familiar with the food pyramid, which suggests how much of a certain type of food needs to be eaten every day.
- At the base of the pyramid are the grains, including bread, crackers, rice, and cereal. People need to eat more of the grains than any other food group in the pyramid. Grains, like rice and wheat, are grown on farms in the soil. Often, when the grains are fully-grown, they are harvested and are sent to factories to be processed into breads and cereals.
- The next portion of the pyramid is the vegetable portion. People do not need to eat as many vegetables as they need grains. This portion includes corn, green beans, and cabbage. Another portion of the food pyramid similar to the vegetable group is the fruit portion. Fruits include apples and pears. People do not need to eat as many fruits as they need to eat vegetables. Fruits and vegetables are grown on farms in the soil, just like grains.
- Another portion of the food pyramid is the dairy group, which includes milk, cheese, eggs, and yogurt. Most of the milk used by humans comes from cows, sheep, and goats. Some is used to make other products like cheese, yogurt, and ice cream. Eggs are another part of the dairy group; they come mainly from chickens, geese, and ducks.
- Next to the dairy group is the protein group, which includes meat, poultry, fish, beans, and nuts. Most of these foods come from animals on farms or ranches.
- The top of the pyramid is the fats and sugars group, which includes oils, butter, and candy. Fats and sugars should be consumed sparingly.
- Students will understand that crops need protection from organisms that can be very destructive. Farmers must use pesticides in order to kill the harmful insects. Unfortunately, many of these pesticides are very poisonous and are not good for humans to ingest. Some farmers use organic methods to kill harmful pests. Organically grown fruits and vegetables can be safer for human consumption.
- Students will realize that food can be obtained in many different ways. Some people grow their own food in gardens, while others buy much of their food straight from the growers at farmers' markets. Most people, however, buy their food from grocery stores.
- Students will know that a lot of food coming from farms and ranches is not just shipped to grocery stores. Animals, for example, must be butchered. Other foods, like vegetables, grains, and milk, are shipped to factories where they are processed into soup, bread, and cheese.
- Students will understand that many foods are not grown on farms or ranches; they are known as wild foods. For example, hunters will hunt and eat elk, deer, and bear. Other foods like mushrooms and berries are found in the wild.
- Students will realize that people in different regions eat different foods; this is because of differences in climate. For example, in Mexico the climate is rather hot and dry. Consequently, Mexicans eat a lot of beans, which grow well in a hot and dry climate.
- Students will notice that religious beliefs may determine the types of foods people eat. Jewish people will eat special foods for special occasions, like Passover or a bar mitzvah.
- Students will realize that every living thing needs water to survive. Humans collect water from rivers and streams and move it to water treatment plants, where it is cleansed. From the treatment plants, the water is piped out to homes, schools, and office buildings. Some water is obtained from private wells. Crops are watered using irrigation.
- Before viewing the video
- What We Eat: After lunch, let each student tell two foods that he/she ate. List the foods on the board and divide them into types of food found in the food pyramid: grains, vegetables, fruits, dairy products, protein, and oils and sugars. Make a class pyramid, having the base of the pyramid consisting of the food group that most children had for lunch. Plan to compare this to the food pyramid that will be shown on the video.
- After viewing the video
- Making a Real Food Pyramid: Draw a large food pyramid on tagboard similar to the one shown on the video, leaving the areas blank with the food group names written out to the side. Select one child to bring something from the Oils and Sugar Group. Divide the rest of the class by five and assign one-fifth of the class to each remaining food group. Send a note home to the parents requesting that they provide the students with one item of food from their assigned food group for a 3-D food pyramid. Have each student place his/her food in the correct food group on the chart. Take a snapshot of it for future use.
- Making Personal Food Pyramids: Draw a blank food pyramid on an 81/2" ( 11" sheet of paper, and make enough copies for the entire class. Kindergartners can draw one or two samples of each food group on the pyramid. Older students can label and draw several examples for each group. Students can take home and display the pyramids to remind their families to eat healthy.
- A Fruit Festival: Have each student bring one fruit to school. When the fruits are collected, be sure that some exotic fruits like kiwi, star fruit, pineapple, and mango are included. Put the fruits on the table, placing each on a paper with the student's name and the name of the fruit. Let the students come in small groups to observe the fruits and compare how they are alike and different. Wash and slice the fruits, and have a fruit-tasting party for the class.
- Where Do People Get Food?
- Where Does Food Come From?
- Growing Conditions
- Protecting Our Food
- Dairy Products
- Nuts and Meat
- Farm to Table
- Wild Food
- Hidden Foods
- Food Around the World