Everybody Needs Clothing
Discover that clothes are needed to retain body heat and to protect against the sun. Learn about the materials that make clothing, how cloth was made in the past with a spinning wheel and loom, and how it is made today in automated cloth mills. See how clothing has changed throughout the ages and how people wear different clothes as needed—bathing suits for swimming, special clothing for fire fighting, etc.
NO matter where we are or what we do, we all need clothes. Take a look at the different kinds of clothes we wear for safety, jobs, sports and daily living.
- Students will understand that because people do not have fur, feathers, shells, or scales, they must wear clothes to protect their bodies and help them survive.
- Students will realize that clothes are made out of many natural resources, which include animal hair, animal skins, other animal products, plants, and petroleum oil.
- Animal hair, which includes the wool from sheep and the cashmere from goats, must be spun into yarn and woven into cloth.
- Animal skins from animals like cows and deer are made into leather. The leather is then cut and sewn into clothes like shoes and coats.
- Silk is a product of an animal called a silk worm. The worm produces it when it makes a cocoon. The silk is collected and spun into thread, which is then woven into a very soft and warm type of cloth.
- Plants also provide us with materials used to make clothing. Cotton fibers made by cotton plants are spun into thread and then woven into cloth. Pulp from trees is also spun into threads and woven into fabric; this type of fabric is called rayon.
- Petroleum oil is used to make plastics, which are then used to make different kinds of fabric, including nylon, polyester, and Dacron. Since man produces these materials, they are known as synthetic materials.
- Students will know how clothes are made from fabric. First, a pattern is made; then pieces of fabric are cut following the outline of the pattern. The pieces of fabric are then sewn together into a complete shirt or pair of pants. Today, modern machines make the clothes making process easier and quicker.
- Students will understand that accessibility to resources determines the raw materials that are used to produce clothing.
- Students will notice that clothes have evolved through the centuries. Fashions of long ago are very different from those of today.
- Students will realize that the type of clothes a person wears depends on where he or she lives. A person who lives in a very warm climate will wear light clothes that can keep a body cool. In cold climates a person will need to wear clothes that insulate the body.
- Students will understand that religious beliefs can influence the type of clothes a person wears.
- Students will notice that there are specific clothes for specific activities. Dangerous jobs, like fire fighting, require clothes that protect the body from injury. For example, a firefighter wears fireproof clothes. Some jobs require that a worker wear a uniform; the uniform allows other people to know what the workers job is. For example, one knows a police officer by the uniform he or she wears. Other types of clothes help celebrate special occasions, like weddings or graduation ceremonies.
- Before viewing the video
- The Shoe Graph: Have students sit close together in a circle. Each student removes one shoe and places it in front. Look at the shoes. Put all tennis shoes in one pile, all sandals in another, all oxfords in another, etc. Make a graph of the different kinds of shoes in the class. Save the graph for future reference.
- After viewing the video
- Kinds of Materials Graph: People wear many kinds of shoes and many types of clothing made of a large variety of materials. Review the video. Each time a different material for clothing is shown, the students are to raise their hands and the teacher records the name of the material. Have the students stand in a circle. Select one student to write down the kind of materials found on the labels in the back of each student's dress or shirt as the teacher reads them. Compile a list of the materials for making another graph. This list will probably include cotton, rayon, wool, and polyester. Have students with similar materials stand together. Let one student at a time walk around the circle, feeling each kind of fabric. Let the students comment on their reactions to the fibers. Remind them of the source of each material.
- Kinds of Clothes Booklet: Make a simple outline of a child's body on an 8 1/2" by 11" sheet of paper. Copy enough sheets to have four. Do together, one sheet at a time, having the students label the sheets: Hot Weather, Cold Weather, Swimming, and Sleeping. Have students draw clothing that is appropriate for the condition on each sheet. Make a cover on colored paper with an original drawing of each student's favorite clothing and staple together.
- Special Clothes for Special Jobs: Invite a fireman to the classroom to show the students all of the special clothes that are worn on the job.
- Types of Clothing
- Natural Resources for Clothing
- Synthetic Materials
- Making Clothes
- Clothes for Living
- Clothes for Purpose